von Steven Weinberg
* 3.5. 1933 New York; Nobelpreisträger Physik, University of Texas
Wikipedia – Rezension: Der Traum von der Einheit des Universums
do not believe in God – an intelligent, all-powerful being who cares
about human beings – because the idea seems to me to be silly. The
positive arguments that have been given for belief in God all appear to
me as silly as the proposition they are intended to prove. Fortunately,
in some parts of the world, religious belief has weakened enough so
that people no longer kill each other over differences in this
Andrew Zak Williams: Faith no more, New Statesman, 25. Juli 2011
need to wake up from its long nightmare of religious belief. Anything
that we scientists can do to weaken the hold of religion should be done
and may in fact in the end be our greatest contribution to
Conversation ""Beyond belief" at the Salk Institute, La Jolla, CA, November 5-7, 2006. 5.11.2006
Vergleiche auch Sam Harris auf derselben Veranstaltung
Designer Universe?", New York Review of Books,
October 21, 1999, (vergleiche: "A Designer Universe?")
folgte: "»A Designer Universe?«: An Exchange By Steven Goldberg,
Anthony Hecht, Edward T. Oakes, Reply by Steven Weinberg", New
York Review of Books 47:1, January 20, 2000 (online).
Steven Goldberg, Chairman Department of Sociology City College, merkte darin an:
“The designer argument is effectively unfalsifiable and this makes the non-designer argument effectively unfalsifiable”.
Darauf antwortete Steven Weinberg: “I think that in fact my non-designer argument is eminently falsifiable. All that's needed is a miracle or two. In reply to a question after my talk at the American Association for the Advancement of Science, I suggested that everything I had said would be refuted if a bolt of lightning were to strike me down at the podium. There is also a less dramatic but more quantitative argument for a benevolent designer that might make sense if it had turned out that the earth on which we live were the only planet in the universe. Suppose that calculations showed that the chance of any single planet having a surface gravity, temperature, and chemical composition favorable for the appearance of life, and of life actually arising on this planet, and of this life becoming intelligent through natural selection, is no greater than one part in, say, a million million. Then with only one planet in the universe it would be difficult without supposing divine intervention to understand our great good fortune in having come into being. Of course, now we know that a good fraction of stars have planets, and that there are at least a hundred billion billion stars in the universe (perhaps an infinite number), so we need not be surprised that chance events governed by impersonal natural laws have produced intelligent life on at least one of the planets. With these odds, it would be surprising if intelligent life had not appeared.”
Siehe auch Anthropisches Prinzip und Evolution – Anthropisches Prinzip – Intelligent Design – Kreationismus
WEINBERG: I think a lot of intellectual energy over the centuries has
gone into religious matters. Think of all the monks devoting themselves
to fine points of theological doctrine -- monks and rabbis and bonzes
and Moabs, imams, down through the years devoting so much talent and
energy to questions of theology. In a way science provides an
alternative way of using your mind. This is something else where you
can use human intelligence. It has several advantages. It has the
advantage that we have ways of finding out we're wrong about things.
I've had that experience in my life -- most scientists have -- of
having a theory that I thought was bound to right shown to be wrong by
experiments -- its a very cleansing experience.
QUESTION: Do you think religion has value?
DR. WEINBERG: I think there's much to be said on both sides of that. I mean, certainly religion has produced great art. Where would architecture be without the great cathedrals and wonderful Japanese temples, and mosques. On the moral side, however, I'm less sure about it. Certainly good causes have sometimes been mobilized under the banner of religion, but you find the opposite I think more often the case. It's more often been the motivation for us to kill each other - not only for people of one religion to kill those of another, but even within religions. After all, it was a Moslem who killed Sadat. It was a devout Jew who killed Rabin. It was a devout Hindu who killed Gandhi. And this has been going on for centuries and centuries. I think in many respects religion is a dream - a beautiful dream often. Often a nightmare. But it's a dream from which I think it's about time we awoke. Just as a child learns about the tooth fairy and is incited by that to leave a tooth under the pillow - and you're glad that the child believes in the tooth fairy. But eventually you want the child to grow up. I think it's about time that the human species grew up in this respect. It seems to me that with or without religion good people will behave well and bad people will do evil things. But for good people to do evil things, that takes religion.
Auszug aus diesem Interview
|"Good people will do good things,
and bad people will do bad things. But for good people to do bad
things—that takes religion."
"A Designer Universe?", based on a talk given in April 1999 at the Conference on Cosmic Design of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Washington, D.C.
one of the great historical contributions of science is to weaken the
hold of religion. That's a good thing." In:
Cornelia Dean: "Scientists Confront Taboo of Mixing Science and God", The
New York Times, Beilage der SZ, 29.8.2005, S. 4
|"Ich persönlich habe nicht viel
übrig für Religion. Für mich ist eine der großen Errungenschaften der
Wissenschaft, daß sie es intelligenten Menschen zwar nicht unmöglich
gemacht hat, religiös zu sein. Aber sie macht es ihnen möglich, nicht
religiös zu sein. Und darauf bin ich stolz."
Zur Bedeutung der Weltformel; Weinbergs Auffassung zu Religion und Gott. Der Spiegel 30/1999, S. 191ff
ist ... auch in der Quantenmechanik das Verhalten eines physikalischen
Systems in einem gewissen Sinne vollständig durch seine
Anfangsbedingungen und die Naturgesetze determiniert.
Der Traum von der Einheit des Universums 44
Ein System ist in einem spezifischen Zustand, unabhängig davon, ob Menschen es beobachten oder nicht; der Zustand wird nicht durch eine Position oder einen Impuls beschrieben, sondern durch eine Wellenfunktion.
Der Traum von der Einheit des Universums 87
Doch was hat es für einen Sinn, statt "Ordnung" oder "Harmonie" das Wort "Gott" zu benutzen, außer vielleicht, daß man dem Vorwurf entgehen möchte, keinen Gott zu haben?
Der Traum von der Einheit des Universums 254
Doch soweit ich aufgrund meiner eigenen beobachtungen urteilen kann, sind die meisten Physiker heute nicht hinreichend an religion interessiert, um auch nur als praktizierende Atheisten durchgehen zu können.
Der Traum von der Einheit des Universums 266