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Donald Davidson, John Dewey, Hans D. Sluga
Zitate angelsächsischer Philosophen des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts
Chris Anderson – Alex Byrne – Donald Davidson – John Dewey – Nelson Goodman – David R. Hilbert – Keith Lehrer – David Lewis – Erich H. Loewy – Steven Luper-Foy – Robert Nozick – Duncan Pritchard – Michael Scriven – Hans D. Sluga – Elliott Sober – Barry Stroud – Timothy Williamson
Chris Anderson
US Philosoph, arbeitet für The Sapling Foundation; AndersonBiografie
"Why use a negative to define something that is profoundly positive?", Anderson zum Begriff "Atheist", in John Brockman, Hg.: Die neuen Humanisten, S. 417. anderson Rezension
Alex Byrne
MIT, Cambridge MA, byrneAlex Byrne, MIT
 "The sceptic doesn't need an argument, she needs treatment", S. 301
"Barbers, painters and builders' merchants need not bother themselves with the sorites paradox, but what else are philosophers supposed to do?", S. 303
"How Hard are the Sceptical Paradoxes?". Noûs 38 (2004): S. 299-325; byrneonline verfügbarbar
Donald Davidson
* 6.3. 1917 Springfield (Mass.). Nicht verwechseln mit Donald Grady Davidson (8.8.1893, Campbellsville, Tenn., U.S. – 25.4. 1968, Nashville, Tenn.), US-amerikanischer Schriftsteller, Essayist und Lehrer.
"... nothing can count as a reason for holding a belief except another belief."
"A Coherence Theory of Thruth and Knowledge", in: Sven Bernecker, Fred Dretske, Hg. Knowledge. Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. S. 416
Vergleiche dazu davidson Barry Stroud
"Empiricism, like other isms, we can define pretty much as we please, ..."
"Meaning, Truth and Evidence" in Barrett, Gibson. Perspectives on Quine, 1993
John Dewey
20.10. 1859 Burlington (Vermont) – 1.6. 1952 New York; amerikanischer Philosoph, Pädagoge und Psychologe
"Die Suche nach Gewißheit hat unsere grundlegende Metaphysik bestimmt" (S. 26).
"Der Gedanke, daß die Werte, die in der Welt, in der wir leben, unstabil und schwankend sind, in einem höheren Reich (das die Vernunft beweist, das wir aber nicht erfahren können) ewig sicher sind, daß all die Güter, die hier zugrunde gehen, dort triumphieren, kann den Gedrückten Trost geben. Aber es verändert die wirkliche Situation nicht im geringsten." (S. 39).
"Ein wissenschaftlicher Geist würde nichts mehr bedauern als eine Situation, in der es keine Probleme mehr gäbe" (S. 104). "... viele Denker werden vielleicht glauben, daß jede Lösung eine wirklichen Verlust bedeutet" (S. 108).
"Man nehme die Ideen und was aus ihnen folgt weg, und der Mensch scheint nicht besser als die Tiere auf dem Felde" (S. 111).
"Da alle Wert-Eigenschaften in den Gegenständen fehlen, welche die Wissenschaft uns präsentiert, nimmt man an, daß die Realität keine solche Eigenschaften habe" (S. 139).
"Wissenschaftliche Begriffe sind nicht die Enthüllung einer schon bestehenden und unabhängigen Realität. Sie sind ein System von Hypothesen, das unter Bedingungen genauer Überprüfung ausgearbeitet worden ist und mit dessen Hilfe unser intellektueller und praktische Verkehr mit der Natur freier, sicherer und bedeutsamer wird." (S. 167)
"Die Natur kann verstanden werden. Aber diese Möglichkeit wird nicht von einem Geist realisiert, der über sie von außen nachdenkt, sondern durch Operationen, die innerhalb ihrer durchgeführt werden." (S. 216).
"Werte werden dadurch konstituiert, daß man an etwas Gefallen findet und es genießt."
(S. 257, Kapitel "Die Konstruktion des Guten")
"Erkennen besteht aus Operationen, die den Gegenstände der Erfahrung eine Form geben" (S. 295)
Obige Zitate aus Die Suche nach Gewißheit [The Quest for Certainty]. Frankfurt am Main 2001.
sluga Anfang
Nelson Goodman
7. August 1906 Sommerville, Massachusetts – November 25, 1998 Needham, Massachusetts.
Professor of Philosophy u. a. an der University of Pennsylvania und Harvard, Mass.
"Perhaps the day will come when philosophy can be discussed in terms of investigation rather than controversy, and philosophers, like scientists, be known by the topics they study rather than by the views they hold." The Structure of Appearance, 2nd ed. 1966, S. xviii
David R. Hilbert
* 1959; Department of Philosophy University of Illinois at Chicago
David R. HilbertDavid R. Hilbert at the Department of PhilosophyDavid R. HilbertDavid R. Hilbert

David R. Hilbert David R. Hilbert über Astrologiehilbert Rezension: Color and Color Perception
“It is an undeniable fact that the way the world appears to us is the joint product of the way the world is and the way we are.”
In: Color and Color Perception. A Study in Anthropocentric Realism. Stanford: CSLI, 1987. S. 13
“Any view that denies that any external things are colored flies in the face of the way we conceive and talk about colors.”
In: Color and Color Perception. A Study in Anthropocentric Realism. Stanford: CSLI, 1987. S. 82
Keith Lehrer
*1936; Regents Professor of Philosophy at the University of Arizona
"There is no exit from the circle of one’s beliefs."
Knowledge. Oxford, 1974. S. 188
In Anlehnung an W.V. Quine’s, “There is no ... cosmic exile.” quine Zitate von Willard Van Orman Quine
„All agree that knowledge is valuable, but agreement about knowledge tends to end there. Philosophers disagree about what knowledge is, about how you get it, and even about whether there is any to be gotten.” Theory of Knowledge, 1990 und 2000, S. 1
„... the finest monuments of scientific achievements mark the refutation of claims of impossibility.”
Theory of Knowledge, 1990, S. 6
„The human mind provides us with no prophylactic against error, even concerning our own thoughts and sensations, as the strange beliefs of humanity, arising from hopes and fears, abundantly illustrate. There is nothing so foolish that we cannot believe it if it is repeated often enough and with enough authority. Every demagogue understands this very well.”
Theory of Knowledge, 1990, S. 55; Hervorhebung: H.H. Lehrer Rezension Theory of Knowledge
David Lewis
"Maybe ascription of knowledge are subtly context-dependent, and maybe epistemology is a context that makes them go false. Then epistemology would be an investigation that destroys its own subject matter. If so, the sceptical argument might be flawless, when we engage in epistemology—and only then!" In: "Elusive Knowledge", The Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (1996).
Erich H. Loewy
* 1927 Wien, 1938 Flucht in die USA, University of California Davis School of Medicine – loewyErich H. Loewy
"Jede wahre Demokratie müßte, falls sie sich entwicklen und weiterhin als Demokratie gelten will, Gedankenaustausch und Diskussion als Vorbedingung demokratischer Entscheidungen fördern."
"Ethik und die Bausteine einer wahren Demokratie: Diskussionskultur", Aufklärung und Kritik, 1/2004, S. 64-74
Steven Luper-Foy, Steven Luper
luperPhilosophy Department, Trinity University, San Antonio, TX
"Skeptics are bad company for the same reason as are those who live a long life advocating suicide on the grounds that nothing is worth doing."
Mit "skeptics" sind diejenigen Skeptiker gemeint, die bestreiten, daß Wissen insgesamt oder in bestimmten Gebieten überhaupt möglich ist.
Quelle: "Arbitrary Reasons", S. 39, in: Michael Roth, Glenn Ross, Hg. Doubting. Contemporary Perspectives on Sketicism. Dordrecht 1990, S. 39-55.

Robert Nozick
16. November 1938 New York – 23. Januar 2002 – nozick Rezension: The Nature of Rationality
„The word philosophy means the love of wisdom, but what philosophers really love is reasoning“ (S. xi).
„Similarly, the belief that certain conduct is divinely prescribed and that all deviations will meet dire punishment might be a useful belief for people to have, whether or not it is true or makes any sense at all, provided it guarantees to others a person's continuing conduct“ (S. 11).
„If understanding is something we now value in part for its own sake?whyever we originally began to value this?and if rationality enters into the nature of such understanding as a constituent, then rationality too may be valued in part, for its own sake“ (S. 137)
„Many of philosophy's traditional intractable problems, resistant to rational resolution, may result from attempts to extend rationality beyond this delimited function. These include the problems of induction, of other minds, of the external world, and of justifying goals—the Kantian attempt to make principled behavior the sole ultimate standard of conduct is another extension of rationality beyond its bound“
(S. 176)
Alle obigen Zitate aus: The Nature of Rationality
Duncan Henry Pritchard
* 30.1.1974; Department of Philosophy, University of Stirling – PritchardDuncan Pritchard
„All philosophical claims are dissented to by someone.”
„Allen philosophischen Behauptungen wird von irgendjemand widersprochen.”
H.H.: Auch dieser!?
Duncan Pritchard: "Epistemic Luck, Safety, and Assertion". In: Littlejohn, Clayton, Turri, John, Hg. (2014): Epistemic Norms: New Essays on Action, Belief, and Assertion. Oxford: Oxford UP. S. 155
"... one of the morals that can be gleaned from the study of the history of philosophy is that the emergence of a consensus is often the result of a shared mistake rather than a common understanding."
Epistemic Luck. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. S. 1 – pritchard Rezension
Michael Scriven
Evaluation Center, Western Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI
scrivenWestern Michigan UniversityscrivenEvaluation Center
"Now even belief in something for which there is no evidence, i.e., a belief which goes beyond the evidence, although a lesser sin than belief in something which is contrary to well-established laws, is plainly irrational in that it simply amounts to attaching belief where it is not justified. So the proper alternative, when there is no evidence, is not mere suspension of belief, e.g., about Santa Claus; it is disbelief. It most certainly is not faith."
Primary Philosophy. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966, S. 103
Hans D. Sluga
slugaUniversity of California, Berkeley, Department of Philosophy
"Gottlob Frege can be considered the first analytic philosopher."
Gottlob Frege. London 1980
sluga natural progression in philosophysluga Anfang
Elliott Sober
University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706 USA – Elliott SoberElliott Sober's Home Page
"... we cannot reject the use of a distinction–in science, in philosophy, or in ordinary life–just on the ground that it is vague."
"Epistemology for Empiricists", S. 48. In: Peter A. French, Hg.: Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18:1, S. 39–61
"The principle of parsimony counsels that we should hypothesise that an entity does not exist, if its postulation is to no explanatory point. Agnostic formulations of the methodological maxim belie the way in which the razor is employed toatheistic effects. The razor counsels removal and replacement. A claim of existence is exised from a theory, only to be replaced with its own negation." S. 145-146
Sober, Elliott: "The Principle of Parsimony". British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 32. Jg. (1981), S. 145-156.
Barry Stroud
University of California, Berkeley stroudWillis S. and Marion Slusser Professor of Philosophy
"And how could Davidson, or anyone, deny that seeing that it is rainign can give one good reason to believe that it is rainigne? Looking and seeing what is going on is the best way to get a reasonable belief about the weather."
"Sense-Experience and the Grounding of Thought", in: Nicholas Smith, Hg.: Reading McDowell. On Mind and World. S. 82. stroud Rezension
Vergleiche dazu stroud Donald Davidson
Timothy Williamson
WilliamsonUniversity of Oxford, Wykeham Professor of Logic
Research Interests: Philosophical Logic, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics, Epistemology
"It takes less to summon up an evil demon than to exorcize him"
"Knowledge, Context, and the Agent's Point of View", S.97, in: Gerhard Preyer, Georg Peter: Contextualism in Philosophy. Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth. Oxford 2005. S. 91-114
Online SF-Story: Demons Robert Sheckley: The Demons
sober Anfang

Donald Davidson, John Dewey, Hans D. Sluga
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